In 1965, at the Turin Motor Show, Lamborghini presented several new models at once, among which was an unnamed model of a new sports coupe. Built on an innovative chassis with a transverse 4.0-liter 12-cylinder engine, the novelty was already seen as a potentially successful project back then.
The Italians used a new chassis for the rear-wheel-drive Miura sports coupe, which debuted at the 1966 Geneva Motor Show. With the production of the model, they did not delay. The car, dubbed the Lamborghini Miura P400, was launched in the series in the same year.
Interestingly, the sports coupe got its name in honor of the Spanish breed of fighting bulls Miura. If we remember that the emblem of Lamborghini is just the same bull, then the choice of the name becomes quite clear.
The Lamborghini Miura P400 was equipped with a 4.0-liter V-12 engine, which was paired with a five-speed gearbox. The power of the power unit was 350 hp.
The high-performance engine and low weight of the car (only 1,292 kg) made the P400 the fastest production car in the world. So, up to a hundred, an Italian sports car accelerates in 5.7 seconds, and its maximum speed reaches 273 km / h.
Lamborghini Miura impressed contemporaries not only with its dynamic characteristics, but also with its design. Interestingly, the legendary Marcello Gandini was involved in the development of the exterior of the sports car. It was he who suggested making the Miura as squat as possible.
Thus, the vehicle height is only 1,055 mm, and the width and length are 1,760 and 4,370 mm, respectively. In addition, at the suggestion of Gandini, a unique way of accessing the car was developed. To get inside the compartment, you need to press the lock button, hidden from prying eyes in the ventilation slots at the top of the door.
Over the next few years, the Italian manufacturer released other modifications to the model. First, the exclusive Miura P400 Roadster was presented to the public. Working on this version, the Italian specialists significantly improved the aerodynamics of the car, thanks to which the maximum speed reached 300 km / h.
In 1969, the first serial modification appeared – Miura P400 S. Unlike the original, the car was equipped with new rubber, ventilated brake discs, automatic windows and thicker body steel. The engine of the sports coupe has been redesigned to increase its output to 370 hp. The P400 S became the most massive model in the series. In total, Lamborghini has produced 338 of these sports cars.
The most powerful version of the Miura model is considered to be the Jota modification. The 440-horsepower version was produced in one single copy. Unfortunately, a few years later the owner of a unique sports car (a major Italian industrialist) had an accident in which the car was seriously damaged and burned to the ground …
Another notable modification of the model is the Miura P400 SV, released in 1971. The sports car not only received a more powerful engine (385 hp), but also differed from its predecessors in terms of design. A total of 150 P400 SV vehicles were produced.
In 1972, Lamborghini decided to curtail production of the Miura, due to the lack of production capacity needed to release the new Countach model. Despite the fact that, taking into account all the modifications, only 750 Lamborghini Miura cars were produced, many believe that this particular model (as well as the Countach sports car that replaced it) played a huge role in the formation of the Italian company.
At one time, an Italian sports car could be purchased for about $ 20,000. Today, most of Lamborghini Miura cars are in private collections, and you can buy a sports car only at an auction, while the price of a car (depending on its condition and version) can reach several hundreds of thousands of US dollars.