In December 2019, several new laws entered into force in Russia or will soon enter into force, which in one way or another concern motorists. What do drivers need to know about these innovations?
The use of studded tires in winter is now mandatory
The Technical Regulations of the Customs Union “On the safety of wheeled vehicles” were amended, according to which from December to February, Russian motorists are required to drive on “winter” tires.
The latter should be understood as both studded tires and friction-type tires, that is, the so-called “Velcro”, while on the sidewalls of such wheels there must be a corresponding marking: a snowflake against the background of three mountain peaks and the M + S index.
Paradoxically, despite this requirement, Russia still does not provide for a fine for drivers driving summer tires during the winter months. However, work on the relevant bill is already underway.
While the traffic police inspectors, if they wish, can bring drivers on summer tires to responsibility under Article 12.5 “Driving in the presence of malfunctions or conditions under which the operation of vehicles is prohibited”, which provides for a fine of 500 rubles.
Legalization of Euro-6
From December 21, 2019, the Euro-6 environmental standard will be legalized in Russia. A corresponding class of cars will appear in the Technical Regulations of the Customs Union, while it will be assigned to transport categories M and N.
Recall that category “M” includes cars with no more than eight passenger seats (in addition to the driver’s seat), as well as buses weighing up to and over 5 tons, and category “N” includes trucks of all classes, including light commercial …
Note that the legalization of Euro-6 does not mean that from now on manufacturers must sell in Russia exclusively cars that meet this standard. At the same time, the current Euro-5 standard will continue to operate in our country, while the new category will allow us to officially qualify more environmentally friendly cars and issue the corresponding PTS.
As for oil companies, they are also not obliged to produce fuel of the 6th ecological class, since the current K5 standard remains in force. However, some of them voluntarily started selling Euro-6 gasoline and diesel, which have a slightly lower level of emissions of harmful nitrogen oxides.
Incorrect parking fines
Since December 5, 2019, the city authorities have declared war on all unscrupulous motorists who park their cars on sites with red and white striped markings. Such “squares” are intended for special equipment – fire and police vehicles, as well as ambulance crews.
Road signs 3.27 “No stopping” will be installed in front of these sections, while drivers who ignored the signs face a fine of 2,500 rubles. It is interesting that both MADI employees and ordinary citizens will be able to record violations using the Moscow Assistant mobile application.
So far, this innovation is experimental in nature, and its scope is limited only to the prefecture of the Central Administrative District, although in the future the practice may spread to some other areas of the city.
Fines for non-payment of transport tax
The Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation ordered that motorists pay transport tax for 2018 until December 2, two thousand nineteen, inclusive. Car owners who ignored the tax requirement will be charged daily penalties.
Note that this year the Federal Tax Service has reduced the tax burden for owners of domestic cars worth from 3 to 5 million rubles and up to 3 years old. Previously, the tax on this category of vehicles was calculated with a coefficient of 1.5 for cars up to 1.5 years old and a coefficient of 1.3 for cars up to 3 years old. Now, such cars are subject to a “luxury tax” with a single increasing coefficient of 1.1, regardless of the age of the car.