In the dashing 90s, GAZ with its Gazelle and its derivatives became a real savior of the domestic sphere of freight and passenger transportation, but the whole family has one very significant drawback – they start to rust very quickly.
By the way, a similar problem was inherent in the last Volgas that left the assembly line, so it is not surprising that at one time there were even jokes among the owners of Russian-made cars that rust on GAZ was included in the basic equipment of cars by default. Why did “GAZ” and “corrosion” become synonymous words for many?
Reason # 1: the crisis of the 90s
Massive problems with corrosion were not always characteristic of the products of the Gorky plant and, in fact, manifested themselves in the 90s of the last century. In that difficult time period when the Soviet Union ceased to exist, business at the enterprise was not going well. Car sales in Russia fell sharply, and the plant literally made ends meet for some time.
The production of cars at the enterprise was not stopped, but the assembly of cars was carried out almost from scrap materials. Low-quality metal, as well as a low level of primer with painting did their job, and freshly assembled cars with the GAZ nameplate began to “bloom” almost immediately after leaving the assembly line.
The first truly problematic model was the GAZ-31029, of which only the lazy did not complain about corrosion, but then the company tried to fix it by releasing the GAZ-3110. The production of the latter started in 1997, when the situation in the country stabilized a little, and the plant began to buy higher quality metal.
Nevertheless, problems with corrosion were peculiar to him, as a result of which today “Volgas” are practically not found on the roads – most of them simply rotted …
Reason # 2: Non-compliance with the technical process
It is no secret that a car is reliably protected from rust only if it is well painted. Many people understand “high-quality painting” as the thickness of the paintwork, that is, the larger it is, the better.
Here’s just a paradox, on most Volgas and Gazelles, the thickness of the paintwork is quite a decent 80 microns. For example, on Hyundai Accent, this indicator varies from 70 to 75 microns, and on Lada Kalina, the spread is even higher – from 60 to 90 microns, and both of these models are much less susceptible to rust.
It turns out that after a certain value (over 55 microns), the thickness of the paintwork ceases to play a significant role in the fight against rust, and the quality of the paint and galvanizing itself comes to the fore.
So it turns out that at a certain time period the painting of “Volga” was carried out with a gross violation of technology, as a result of which the paintwork was very fragile, and the adhesion of the soil to the metal did not stand up to any criticism. Through the sleeves at the enterprise, the body was also galvanized, so it is not surprising that GAZ products literally became a tidbit for rust.
Reason number 3: negligent attitude of the owners
In the secondary market, it is almost impossible to find a used Gazelle without traces of rust, and the point is not only in the above-mentioned “jambs” of the automaker, which were admitted during the assembly process.
This is due to the fact that “workhorses” in the form of “Gazelles” are bought mainly for business, while drivers exploit them both “in the tail and in the mushroom.” Unfortunately, the owners practically do not take care of these machines in any way, and only a few carry out anti-corrosion treatment.
While the truck is running from point A to point B, the owner does not pay attention to its condition. And if the car starts to malfunction, then it will be easier and cheaper to replace it than to put it in order. Fortunately, the Gazelle is the most affordable truck on our market.
So it turns out that another key reason for the appearance of rust on Gazelles is the connivance of the owners themselves. If the motorist begins to at least regularly wash his body from the accumulated dirt, then the appearance of corrosion can, if not be avoided, then delayed for a longer period.